This process requires you to have a Windows Azure account. If you have not signed up for one yet, it can obtained at http://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/.
You should start by generating a generic configuration file for Juju, using the command:
This will generate a file,
environments.yaml, which will live in your
~/.juju/ directory (and will create the directory if it doesn't already
Note: The above command will not overwrite your existing environments.yaml
file, or output to stdout. In order to see the boilerplate environments.yaml on
stdout you need to append the
--show option. This is helpful if you have an
existing environments.yaml and just need to add a section. For example:
juju generate-config --show
You can then copy and paste the needed section.
The generic configuration sections generated for Windows Azure will look something like this:
# https://jujucharms.com/docs/config-azure.html azure: type: azure # location specifies the place where instances will be started, # for example: West US, North Europe. # location: West US # The following attributes specify Windows Azure Management # information. See: # http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windowsazure # for details. # management-subscription-id: 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000 management-certificate-path: /home/me/azure.pem # storage-account-name holds Windows Azure Storage info. # storage-account-name: abcdefghijkl # force-image-name overrides the OS image selection to use a fixed # image for all deployments. Most useful for developers. # # force-image-name: b39f27a8b8c64d52b05eac6a62ebad85__Ubuntu-13_10-amd64-server-DEVELOPMENT-20130713-Juju_ALPHA-en-us-30GB # image-stream chooses a simplestreams stream to select OS images # from, for example daily or released images (or any other stream # available on simplestreams). # # image-stream: "released"
This is the configuration environments.yaml file needed to run on Windows Azure.
You will need to set relevant values for options
Note: Other than
location the other key value defaults are recommended,
but can be updated to your preference.
Note: Ensure that
management-certificate-path is set to use the .pem
file, NOT the .cer file, doing so will result in an
out of memory error.
Generate a new certificate for Juju usage (or use an existing one). Suggest to use a 'Common Name' with 'Juju' in it so it's obvious when viewed in the web UI later. On Ubuntu, run the following commands to generate a new certificate:
openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 3650 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout azure.pem -out azure.pem openssl x509 -inform pem -in azure.pem -outform der -out azure.cer chmod 600 azure.pem
Log in to the Windows Azure console at https://manage.windowsazure.com. From there you can gather the following information:
- Settings Left Navigation: get the
SUBSCRIPTION IDof the account you upload to. This will be used for the
- Settings Left Navigation: "upload" the MyCert.cer file above (if you
created one). This is the certificate you used for the
- Storage Left Navigation:
- Click New (bottom left)
- Click Quick Create
- Add a name in url (for example
juju0useast0). This is the value to be used for
- Select Location (for example: West US)
- Select Subscription
- Disable "Enable Geo-Replication" (not applicable)
Note: You must create the storage account in the same region/location
specified by the
location key value. For example, if
location: West US is
storage-account-name: must also have a storage set up in
Failure to do so will result in a group affinity error.
environments.yaml according to the above configuration settings and save
it to disk.
With Azure, each Cloud Service has zero or more Availability Sets within it and a Role can be assigned to at most one of them. As long as there are at least two Roles in the same Availability Set, then Azure will guarantee at least 99.95% availability under the Azure Service Level Agreement (SLA).
Juju creates a single Availability Set for each Cloud Service, and all Roles are added to it. Thus, all Juju-deployed services are, by default, covered by the Azure SLA.
You can read more about Azure Availability Sets.