Kubernetes is an open-source platform for deploying, scaling, and operations
of application containers across a cluster of hosts. Kubernetes is portable
in that it works with public, private, and hybrid clouds. Extensible through
a pluggable infrastructure. Self healing in that it will automatically
restart and place containers on healthy nodes if a node ever goes away.
Kubernetes is an open source system for managing
application containers across a cluster of hosts. The Kubernetes project was
started by Google in 2014, combining the experience of running production
workloads combined with best practices from the community.
The Kubernetes project defines some new terms that may be unfamiliar to users
or operators. For more information please refer to the concept guide in the
getting started guide.
This charm is an encapsulation of the Kubernetes master processes and the
operations to run on any cloud for the entire lifecycle of the cluster.
This charm is built from other charm layers using the Juju reactive framework.
The other layers focus on specific subset of operations making this layer
specific to operations of Kubernetes master processes.
This charm is not fully functional when deployed by itself. It requires other
charms to model a complete Kubernetes cluster. A Kubernetes cluster needs a
distributed key value store such as Etcd and the
kubernetes-worker charm which delivers the Kubernetes node services. A cluster
requires a Software Defined Network (SDN) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) so
the components in a cluster communicate securely.
Please take a look at the Canonical Distribution of Kubernetes
or the Kubernetes core bundles for
examples of complete models of Kubernetes clusters.
The kubernetes-master charm takes advantage of the Juju Resources
feature to deliver the Kubernetes software.
In deployments on public clouds the Charm Store provides the resource to the
charm automatically with no user intervention. Some environments with strict
firewall rules may not be able to contact the Charm Store. In these network
restricted environments the resource can be uploaded to the model by the Juju
This charm supports some configuration options to set up a Kubernetes cluster
that works in your environment:
The domain name to use for the Kubernetes cluster for DNS.
Enables the installation of Kubernetes dashboard, Heapster, Grafana, and
The DNS add-on allows the pods to have a DNS names in addition to IP addresses.
The Kubernetes cluster DNS server (based off the SkyDNS library) supports
forward lookups (A records), service lookups (SRV records) and reverse IP
address lookups (PTR records). More information about the DNS can be obtained
from the Kubernetes DNS admin guide.
The kubernetes-master charm models a few one time operations called
Juju actions that can be run by
This action creates RADOS Block Device (RBD) in Ceph and defines a Persistent
Volume in Kubernetes so the containers can use durable storage. This action
requires a relation to the ceph-mon charm before it can create the volume.
This action restarts the master processes kube-apiserver,
kube-controller-manager, and kube-scheduler when the user needs a restart.
The kubernetes-master charm is free and open source operations created
by the containers team at Canonical.
Canonical also offers enterprise support and customization services. Please
refer to the Kubernetes product page
for more details.